In order to implement the Decision made by State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industry, meet the demand of the continuous improvement of social information level, and enhance the rational layout and healthy development of our country’s data centers, especially large data centers, the Guidance on the Construction and Layout of Data Centers (hereinafter referred to as guidance) is jointly issued by such five ministries and commissions as the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, State Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Land and Resources, State Electricity Regulatory Commission, and National Energy Administration.
The guidance points out that the newly built data centers should focus on such elements as climatic environment and energy supply. With regard to the data centers which have been built, enterprises are encouraged to use such advanced technologies as cloud computing, and green energy to integrate, transform and upgrade these data centers.
The guidance also encourages administrative organs to take the lead in using cloud services provided by professional organizations so that the quantity of self-built data centers by the government can be reduced.
With regard to the release of the guidance, Ma Xiaodong, a senior analyst in finance, said that against the general background of energy resources conservation, cloud computing industry would become the largest beneficiary as data centers construction accelerated the layout. In the later period, with the continuous release of policies, such information industry as cloud computing would enter into the phase of rapid development.
The full text of Guidance is stated as follows:
The communications administration in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, and the competent department in all provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, municipalities with independent planning status, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, State Development and Reform Commission, competent department of land and natural resources, national energy administration, all state land supervision bureaus to local governments, all electricity regulation agencies, and concerned enterprises and associations:
In order to implement the Decision made by State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industry, meet the demand of the continuous improvement of social information level, and enhance the rational layout and healthy development of our country’s data centers, especially large data centers, the guidance is proposed as follows:
I. Guiding Ideology
The construction and layout of data centers should pursue development in a scientific way and give priority to speeding up the shift of growth model. It should take improving the sustainable development as its objective and market as its orientation and focus on conserving energy resources and providing security. It should also follow the law of industry development, give play to the regional comparative advantage, and guide market subjects to select proper locations, make long-term plan, design as required, and construct according to the standard so that the new data center pattern with advanced technology, rational structure and coordinated development can be gradually formed.
II. Basic principles
1. Principle of market-orientation: Data centers should be rationally planned and built by focusing on the application and starting from the market needs.
2. Principle of resources and environment first: resources and environmental conditions are taken into full consideration and priority should be given to relatively resourceful areas with good climate conditions and less geological disasters in considering the building sites of large data centers to boost the construction of “Green Data Center”.
3. Principle of coordinating regional development: overall consideration should be given to the scale of construction and application positioning. Various kinds of data centers shall be built by integrating different regional advantages, coordinating with one another and adjusting measures according to local conditions.
4. Principle of overall consideration for multiple elements: on the basis of focusing on market demand, energy supply and natural environment, attention should also be given to multiple elements such as land safeguard, industry environment, talents support and so on. Data centers should be rationally planned and built by closely integrating basic network layout and adopting such advanced technology as green energy saving.
5. Principle of attaching equal importance to development and safety: the sites of data centers should avoid the regions where geological disasters frequently occur, and it’s inappropriate for many superlarge data centers (see attachment 1 for division of data center scale) to be built and concentrated in the same city; Such links as the design, construction and operation of data centers should meet the safety management requirements proposed by relevant competent departments.
III. Layout orientation
1. Newly built large data centers focus on such elements as climatic environment and energy supply. Superlarge data centers, especially application-oriented superlarge centers which have a low requirement for timeliness such as back-up for disaster recovery are encouraged to prioritize the Class I regions (see attachment 2 for region classification) with cold climate and adequate energy as their building sites, and they can also be built in Class II regions with agreeable climate and adequate energy.
2. Newly built large data centers focus on such elements as climatic environment and energy supply. Large data centers, especially application-oriented large centers which have a low requirement for timeliness such as back-up for disaster recovery are encouraged to prioritize the Class I and Class II regions as their building sites, and they can also be built in Class III regions with agreeable climate close to energy-rich areas.
3. Newly built small and medium sized data centers focus on such elements as climatic environment and energy supply. Small and medium sized data centers, especially real-time application-oriented data centers geared towards local areas are encouraged to be flexibly deployed in regions close to users and easily accessible to energy resources according to market demand.
4. With regard to data centers which have been built, enterprises are encouraged to use such advanced technologies as cloud computing, green energy to integrate, transform and upgrade these data centers.
IV. Safeguard measures
1. Intensifying policy guidance. Data centers complying with requirements for major industrial users can carry out prices for major industrial users. Support in such aspects as power facilities construction, power supply and service should be focused on newly built data centers which meet layout orientation requirements and whose PUE (PUE=total facility power/IT equipment power) is below 1.5 and on data centers which have been built and have been up to related standard requirements (PUE is temporarily set to be below 2.0) after being integrated, transformed and upgraded. They are supported to participate in direct electricity supply piloting for large consumers. Local government should reasonably arrange the land use scale for above-mentioned data centers, safeguard these data centers in municipal accessory facilities, and give them fund support, talents support and support in network construction. Under special circumstances, the newly built superlarge and large data centers which do not meet the requirements of layout orientation can also enjoy the above-mentioned supportive policies if they are up to related standard requirements (PUE is below 1.5) and are considered to be in consistence with specific needs and national developing direction after being deliberated by experts organized by concerned departments such as Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and National Development and Reform Commission.
2. Strengthening the lead in application. Under the premise of safety assurance, the administrative organs are encouraged to take the lead in using cloud services provided by professional organizations so that the quantity of self-built data centers by the government can be gradually reduced; enterprises and institutions are guided to gradually transfer the related applications to cloud service provided by professional organizations.
3. Consolidating network capability. By integrating “Broadband China” strategy, the construction of broadband network should be sped up to further optimize the internet structure and improve the interconnection level between backbone networks of internet. Importance should be placed upon strengthening high-speed backbone network construction and capacity expansion efforts and upon improving the capacity and service quality of basic network in an overall way so that the needs of construction and development of various data centers can be met.
4. Implementing safety assurance. The research and development of safety technology of data centers should be sped up and the network and information safety management of data centers should be enhanced. The design, construction and operation of data centers should, according to the policies and standards made by competent departments in the industry, implement safety measures and requirements, make and complete emergency plans, perfect operation safety assurance mechanism and improve the ability to handle emergencies in such aspects as network safety, application system safety, business safety, and management safety.
5. Playing an exemplary role. Standardization work of data centers should be intensified, and standards related to energy efficiency, service quality and safety assurance and their corresponding evaluation methods should be researched and made. Advanced experience should be promoted through summing up and publicizing excellent cases of data centers to bring the exemplary role of excellent enterprises into full play.
Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
State Development and Reform Commission
Ministry of Land and Resources
State Electricity Regulatory Commission
National Energy Administration
January 9th, 2013