Xi'an is one of the transportation centers of highways, railways and aviation in China, one of the regional communication hubs, one of the biggest logistics centers and one of the meeting points of people flow and information flow in West China.
The comprehensive transportation system of railways, highways, aviation, rails and pipelines in Xi'an is now taking shape. In the next five years, it will take 2-3 hours from Xi'an to the surrounding provincial capital cities and 5-6 hours to the area around Bohai, Yangtze River Delta and Zhujiang River Delta.
A large sum of national strategic investment is flowing into the Middle West and the national high speed railway system expands quickly, which greatly reduce the logistics cost and time in the West.
18 railways with the operation distance of 3.770 kilometers pass through Xi’an, including Longhai Railway, Baocheng Railway, Xikang(Ankang) Railway. Zhengxi High-Speed Passenger Railway, Xibao(Baotou) Railway, Xihe(Hefei) Railways. Xi'an North Passenger Station and Xi'an Railway Container Center Station have been put into service. The Longhai-Lanxin Railway Line (double-track) passing through Xi'an is the second Eurasia Land Bridge, which makes Xi'an as the largest railway communications hub in the northwest.
Several important railway projects are under construction, including Xi'an Railway Hub Expansion Project, Xibao Railway Passenger Line, Xi'an-Ankang Second Line Construction, Xi'an-Chengdu Passenger Line. By 2015, the railway operation distance will reach 6000 kilometers.
Xi’an is the key hub of the 'Five roads from south to north and seven roads from east to west" national highway system (total distance about 35,000 kilometers), and also the center of Shaanxi '2637" (two ring roads, six radial roads, three roads from south to north, seven roads from east to west) high grade highway network. At present, the highway framework is formed, which is centered in Xi'an, taking the national highways and major westward passenger routes as the frame and connecting the 10 cities and 81 counties (districts) in the province.
Xi'an- Zhashui Expressway passes thorough Mt. Zhongnanshan tunnel of Mt. Qinling. With the length of 18.02 kilometers, it is the longest double holes tunnel in the world .
Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is a major airport of domestic flight courses and international airliners. It is also one of the six regional hub airports which are planned to be constructed by Civil Aviation Administration of China.
In 2011, the passenger transporting volume of Xi'an Xianyang International Airport was 18 million person-times and the volume of cargo reached 158.000 tons, It has opened 157 routes to 78 cities at home and abroad, including 8 0verseas cities and 8 0verseas airlines.
The second phase of Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is under construction, including the third terminal and the second runway, with the designed annual passenger transporting volume of 26 million person-times and the annual volume of cargo is 360,000 tons. After the completion in 2015, Xi'an Xianyang International Airport will provide a passenger transporting volume of 30 million person-times and the domestic and international airlines will be about 200.
Xi'an Airport Shuttle Bus.
The Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is 47 kilometers northwest of central Xian and about 13 kilometers from Xianyang. For quick travel between the Xi'an International Airport and the Xi'an Train Station or the Bell Tower or many other places, it might be best just to take the shuttle buses that run regularly and frequently and are a lot less expensive. There are 7 shuttle bus routes. Airport taxis might be a little unreliable. Drivers may issue fake money, drive too far or try to pull other scams. By taking a bus, you can avoid this. For the shuttle buses, be aware that the schedules can change. The 7 shuttle bus routes run frequently and go to important places.
Shuttle Bus Line 1 Airport <> Bell Tower
Operates between Stop T1 at the airport and the Xi'an Melody Hotel between about 6 am to 8 pm. The ticket fare is 25 RMB. The travel time is about an hour. The buses leave about every half hour, but they usually leave when they fill up. If there is an incoming flight, a bus is scheduled to meet it.
Shuttle Bus Line 2 Airport <> Xi'an Railway Station
Operates hourly between Stop T2 at the airport between 7 am to 7 pm going from the railway station to the airport; and about 10 am to 7 pm going from the airport to the railway station. The ticket fare is 25 RMB. The Xi'an Railway Station is close to the Bell Tower. The travel time is about an hour.
Shuttle Bus Line 3 Airport <> Xishaomen <> Xian High Technology Industries Development Zone
Operates hourly between Stop T2 at the airport and the Ziction Liberal Hotel from 9:40 to 7:40 pm going from the airport to the hotel; and about 7:15 and 6:15 pm going from the hotel to the airport. The ticket fare is 25 RMB.
Shuttle Bus Line 4 Airport <> Tangcheng Hotel <> Oriental Hotel <> Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Operates hourly between Stop T2 at the airport and the Big Wild Goose Pagoda from about 10 am to 4 pm. The ticket fare is 25 RMB. At the pagoda, the bus stops at the north square at the Tang Dynasty Art Garden Hotel.
Shuttle Bus Line 5 Airport <> Xishaomen
Operates hourly between Stop T2 at the airport and Xishaomen between about 6 am and 6:30 pm. The ticket fare is 25 RMB. In Xishaomen, the bus stops at the airline ticket hall.
Shuttle Bus Line 6 Airport <> Changba Ecological District
Operates more or less every two hours unless there are a lot of passengers. For the 2011 International Horticultural Exposition in Xi'an, there will probably be a lot more buses. The buses go between Stop T2 at the airport and the Kempinski Hotel between about 8:30 am and 4:30 pm. They go the other direction between 8 am and 6 pm. The ticket fare is 25 RMB. In Xishaomen, the bus stops at the airline ticket hall.
Shuttle Bus Line 7 Airport <> Xianyang City
For going to Xianyang City, the buses begin operation when a flight arrives and stop operating about 8:30 pm. For going from Xianyang City, the buses operate from between about 7 am and 6 pm. The stops are Minsheng Department Store, People's Government of Xianyang City, Renmin Lu, and the Xianyang Railway Station The fare is 15 RMB.
The internal and external roads of Xi'an link up properly and the transportation is in good order. Three city ring roads have been established. The three-dimensional city road network is basically formed, which is characterized by "linked together of ring roads and network, unblocked framework joint, reasonable structure and high efficiency and convenient".
There are about six taxi cab companies in Xi'an. The less expensive ones are green colored. These charge 6 RMB for the first two kilometers and 1.5 RMB for each additional kilometer. At night after 11 PM, the flag-down price is 7 RMB for these green cabs. There are also black colored cabs that often line up at the airport. These charge 8 RMB for the first two kilometers and 2.4 RMB for each additional kilometer. Here are some tips for taking taxis in Xi'an.
Write down directions: Unlike other cities in China, the taxis in Xi'an aren't regulated, so there is a greater chance that you might be taken for a long ride or go around in circles. To avoid this, try to have your directions written in Chinese on a piece of paper.
Within city walls: If you travel within city the old city walls from place to place, the charge should be less than about 10 RMB.
Airport: The Xi'an International Airport is about 50 kilometers or 30 miles northwest of central Xi'an. It should cost about 100 RMB to take a taxi to the Bell Tower or the Xi'an Train Station and the Xi'an Bus Station in central Xi'an.
Airport Toll: If you travel to the airport, the toll fee for the airport expressway is 10 RMB. This charge isn't reflected in the meter's tally.
3-5 PM: During these two hours, there is a driver's shift change. A driver might not pick you up because he or she needs to get off work. Since this happens during rush hours, you might have a more difficult time to find a taxi.
Use the meter: To avoid problems with taxi drivers, make sure they use the meter. Locals often negotiate about prices and don't use a meter, but taxi drivers may try to charge tourists a lot more.
Carry change: Counterfeit money is common in tourist cities. Since tourists generally aren't familiar with how Chinese money looks, they often get fake coins and fake bills. In one kind of scam, a taxi driver will take a bill from a customer and secretly switch the bill for a counterfeit bill of the same denomination. He hands the bill over saying that the bill is fake and asks for different money. To avoid these problems, carry small bills and coins.
Problems: If there is a problem, write down the driver's ID number, the license plate number and other information. Tell him you'll call the Taxi Management Bureau or the police. Just doing these actions will often get them to change their behavior. However, the industry isn't as well regulated as in other cities.
The 2nd subway line of Xi'an has been put into operation in Sep., 2011. It is estimated that the 1st line will be put into operation in 2013. The 3rd line is started in 2011 and it is estimated to be put into operation in 2015. The 4th line is under exploration and it is estimated to be put into operation in 2016. The preparation work of the 5thand 6th lines has been started by 2015 it is estimated that the subway operation distance will reach 95 kilometers.
By 2015, the public transportation network of “ten highways from south to north, eight highways from east to west, three ring roads one radiation circle” will be basically established, and the coverage rate of the public transportation network will be improved greatly.